Maynard Gertler: Editor, publisher, pacifist, farmer and activist (1916-2011)

Par Alan Hustak le 27 avril 2011

 

Maynard Gertler was an innovative farmer, civil libertarian, and  the  headstrong Montreal  publisher who was the first to market books by French-Canadian authors in English Canada during the Quiet Revolution so the rest of the country could appreciate what was happening in Quebec in the 60s and 70s.

Gertler was the founding editor  of  Harvest House Ltd , once described as “a one man university press,” Harvest House was the first  to translate the works  of Quebec writers such as  Jacques  Ferron, Victor-Levy Beaulieu,  Anne Hébert, Yves Thériault  and the poet  Emile Nelligan.

Gertler, who was 94 when he died in Montreal on April 19, had several careers  during  his life-time. During the Second World War he worked as an economist for the U.S government , taught  U.S, history at Cambridge, , and farmed most of his life.  He was active in the Canadian Human Rights Foundation and  was a former president of the Canadian Chapter of Amnesty International .. 

 “He was very bookish. Books were his vocation and his recreation,” said his son, Michael. “He was a free thinker and a resister.  He was active in the fight against capital punishment and campaigned for nuclear disarmament.  He also knew how to farm. He was a keen observer of farming in England, and with his wife’s support, had farms in Pennsylvania, Virginia and Ontario.”  

IMG_0423a.jpgMaynard  Gertler was born  in Montreal  Dec. 1, 1916 . His parents , Hyman Gertler and Gertrude (Slover). had come to Canada before the First World War from what was then Austro-Hungary, with the Slovers settling in Ottawa and the Gertlers working on farms in an Irish settlement outside Montreal.  Maynard and his older sister and younger brother  were raised in Montreal where his father had a furniture factory. Maynard  was a voracious reader, and by the age of 17 claims to have read all of the English, French and Russian classics.   Unable to get into McGill University  because of its restrictions against Jews, Gertler studied mental and moral philosophy at Queen’s University. There he became a self-described  campus radical,  active in the socialist  League for Social Reconstruction and wrote reviews for the Kingston Whig Standard.   After receiving his BA from Queen’s  in 1939 he went to graduate school at Columbia University and became a U.S. citizen. When the Second World War began he was  invited  by one of his  professors to  join the Board of Economic Welfare  and  during the Roosevelt and Truman administrations worked for the U.S. government’s Foreign Economic Administration helping to pave the way for the industrial reoccupation of Italy and Japan. 

He was drafted into the U.S. Army after Pearl Harbour, an experience he  described , “as being chained to a rock.” because the military does not encourage “your  right to think and act for yourself.”   After the war he he worked in New  York as a research director for  John Grierson’s  documentary film-production company.  

Threatened  by the rise of  McCarthyism and the general intolerance in the U.S. toward left-leaning ideas,  Gertler moved to   England in 1953 to teach history at Cambridge.  While abroad, he learned to grow pedigreed seed, and  made a specialty of timothy, trefoil and alfalfa.

He returned to Canada in 1959  and started  his publishing house with his first books, Pierre Laporte's biography of Quebec Premier Maurice  Duplessis, The True Face  of Duplessis  and the first translation of Jean-Paul Desbiens' The Impertenence  of Frere Untel, a book that savaged Quebec’s system of education.  Harvest House, he often  boasted, was also the first publishing  company to question  the negative impact of Quebec nationalism. “We were never in doubt where foreshortened history, ethnic and language politics were leading,” he wrote in a family memoir.

In the late 1960s  he teamed up with McClelland and Stewart in Toronto  to publish educational material, but the partnership ended after two years.

 “I never knew Maynard not to be passionate.  He really believed in the quality of his imprint,” said Philip Cercone, executive director  of McGill Queen’s University Press. ‘When he started Harvest House  he was probably publishing as many scholarly  books  as any university press back then.., I admired him.  But when he couldn’t get government funding for his projects, he could be combative. It was tough to introduce readers to an audience that didn’t know or care about French-Canadian writers.   He believed you had to get the two solitudes talking to each other through their literature. He had an impressive list of titles.”

The books he produced reflected  Gertler’s own passion for history, economics, literature, social justice and the environment. “The manuscripts we did not publish may well be as exciting as the ones we actually produced,” he wrote to a friend in 1996.  “Good publishing is an intellectual,  aesthetic, technical and judgemental task.  It is very hard work. A fair return for effort and preparation – let alone a windfall – is almost unknown. .Books are not shoes or pants or motorcars, they are works of character. To weigh a publishing house by its numbers is irrelevant. The question is not how many titles did you publish, or how much money you made, but did you publish a good book.?  But I would rather manufacture and sell a good pair of boots than publish and inferior book.”

Gertler sold Harvest House Ltd. to the University of Ottawa Press in 1995. 

“He was a curmudgeon,” said Simon Dardick, co- founder of  Montreal’s  Vehicle Press. “He lived many lives, and he was very opinionated.  He was also an inspiration.  He influenced  me and other publishers, such as May Cutler at Tundra Books  to  translate  timeless Quebec literature into English even though he didn’t make very much money from it.” 

Nine years ago Gertler was given both the order of Canada and  Queens  University’s Alumni Achievement Award.  Receiving  the double honours he said, was like  “two asteroids hitting you at the same time.”

He leaves his wife of 68 years, Ann Straus a member of the prominent Straus and Stieglitz families of New York, and four  sons, Michael,  Alfred, Franklin, and Edward, nine grandchildren and a great-grandson. Their second son, Jeffrey  died in 2005. 

 A memorial service is being planned.

 

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